聚羟基脂肪酸酯解聚酶(polyhydroxyalkanoate depolymerase,PHAD)可用于聚羟基脂肪酸酯(polyhydroxyalkanoate,PHA)的降解回收，为开发热稳定性好的PHAD，本研究在大肠杆菌(Escherichia coli) BL21(DE3)中成功表达了来自短须嗜热单孢菌(Thermomonospora umbrina)的PHA解聚酶(TumPHAD)，并通过二硫键理性设计获得了热稳定性提升的突变体A190C/V240C，其最适温度为60℃，比野生型提高20℃，50℃半衰期为7 h，是野生型酶的21倍。将突变体A190C/V240C用于典型PHA之一的聚羟基丁酸酯(polyhydroxybutyrate,PHB)降解，在50℃条件下，PHB的2 h和12 h降解率较野生型分别提高了2.1倍和3.8倍。本研究获得的TumPHAD突变体A190C/V240C具有耐高温、热稳定性好和PHB降解能力强的特点，对PHB的降解回收具有重要意义。
Polyhydroxyalkanoate depolymerase (PHAD) can be used for the degradation and recovery of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). In order to develop a PHAD with good stability under high temperature, PHAD from Thermomonospora umbrina (TumPHAD) was heterelogously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). At the same time, a mutant A190C/V240C with enhanced stability was obtained via rational design of disulfide bonds. Characterization of enzymatic properties showed that the mutant A190C/V240C had an optimum temperature of 60 ℃, which was 20 ℃ higher than that of the wild type. The half-life at 50 ℃ was 7 hours, at 50 ℃which was 21 times longer than that of the wild type. The mutant A190C/V240C was used for the degradation of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), one of the typical PHA. At 50 ℃, the degradation rate of PHB being treated for 2 hours and 12 hours was 2.1 times and 3.8 times higher than that of the wild type, respectively. The TumPHAD mutant A190C/V240C obtained in this study shows tolerance to high temperature resistance, good thermal stability and strong PHB degradation ability, which may facilitate the degradation and recovery of PHB.