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  • WANG Qinhong, MA Yanhe
    . 2022,38(11):3981-3990
    DOI: 10.13345/j.cjb.220901
    Industrial biotechnology is the application of biotechnology for the large-scale processing and production of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, fuels, materials, food and other products required by human society with microorganisms or enzymes as catalysts. The development of industrial biotechnology is the key path enabling the transition from fossil economy to bioeconomy. It will bring sustainable solutions to the natural resource use, energy supply and environmental protection currently faced by mankind. Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the main representative of China’s industrial biotechnology and biomanufacturing. Based on the development of the institute in the past decade, this review summarizes the strategic plan, important technological breakthroughs and industry impacts of China’s industrial biotechnology development, and prospects future development of industrial biotechnology and biomanufacturing in China.
    Citation
    王钦宏,马延和.中国科学院天津工业生物技术研究所建所10周年专刊序言[J].Chinese Journal of Biotechnology,2022,38(11):3981-3990
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  • OUYANG Pingkai
    . 2022,38(11):3991-4000
    DOI: 10.13345/j.cjb.220807
    Industrial biotechnology is the application of biotechnology for the large-scale processing and production of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, fuels, materials, food and other products required by human society with microorganisms or enzymes as catalysts. The development of industrial biotechnology is the key path enabling the transition from fossil economy to bioeconomy. It will bring sustainable solutions to the natural resource use, energy supply and environmental protection currently faced by mankind. Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the main representative of China’s industrial biotechnology and biomanufacturing. Based on the development of the institute in the past decade, this review summarizes the strategic plan, important technological breakthroughs and industry impacts of China’s industrial biotechnology development, and prospects future development of industrial biotechnology and biomanufacturing in China.
    Citation
    欧阳平凯.我国工业生物技术发展回顾及展望[J].Chinese Journal of Biotechnology,2022,38(11):3991-4000
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  • ZHAO Guoping
    . 2022,38(11):4001-4011
    DOI: 10.13345/j.cjb.220837
    The convergence of advances in chemistry, physics, mathematics, computer science, and engineering into life science research gives rise to synthetic biology. Synthetic biology adopts the concept and strategy of engineering science research, aiming at redesigning and reprogramming the existing biological systems, designing and constructing new bio-bricks such as enzymatic parts, genetic circuits, and chassis cells, or even creating non-natural functions of “artificial life”. Synthetic biology promotes the leap from understanding of life to design of life, and is revolutionizing biotechnology and sustainable development of bioeconomy. Via this retrospective review of Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, the most representative research entity focusing on “build-for-use” of synthetic biology in China, this article summarizes the important scientific and technological breakthroughs and industry impacts in the past decade, and prospects future development of synthetic biology in China.
    Citation
    赵国屏.合成生物学:从“造物致用”到产业转化[J].Chinese Journal of Biotechnology,2022,38(11):4001-4011
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  • George F GAO
    . 2022,38(11):4012-4018
    DOI: 10.13345/j.cjb.220861
    The mission of all institutes under Chinese Academy of Sciences focuses on frontier science and applied technology to address the challenges for country’s development and world sustainable development. Here, I summarize the founding and development of Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), originated from Institute of Microbiology of CAS. The journey reflects the advances of industrial biotechnology in China. By considering the relationships among science, technology and engineering, I propose that scientists involved in basic research should develop a logical thinking of “idea-hypothesis-experiment-concept-paper-technology- sample-product-commercial goods”, from which great solutions that tackle real problems can be developed. This is the logic from basic research to applied science.
    Citation
    高福.国家人勇担国家责,积极推动中国生物经济与生物产业发展[J].Chinese Journal of Biotechnology,2022,38(11):4012-4018
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