叶绿素合成缺陷型小球藻突变株的选育及其蛋白产能和品质评价
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谷孚科研基金(GFICRG202102);广东省基础与应用基础研究重点项目(2019B1515120002)


Breeding of Chlorella mutants deficient in chlorophyll synthesis and evaluation of its protein yield and quality
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    摘要:

    本研究旨在利用常压室温等离子体(atmospheric pressure room temperature plasma, ARTP)诱变技术构建叶绿素合成缺陷型凯式小球藻突变株,筛选出极低叶绿素、适用于发酵生产蛋白质的新藻种。首先经优化诱变处理时间后建立了野生型兼养细胞的致死率曲线,在高于95%致死率条件下处理对数早期兼养细胞,基于可视化藻落颜色变化初筛获得4株突变株。随后在摇瓶中异养培养突变株,系统评价了蛋白生产性能,发现在含有30 g/L葡萄糖和5 g/L NaNO3的Basal培养基中,突变株P. ks 4表现最优,蛋白含量及产率分别为39.25%干重及1.15 g/(L·d),氨基酸评分达101.34,叶绿素a含量下降98.78%且不含叶绿素b,含有叶黄素0.62 mg/g而使藻体呈金黄色。本研究为微藻替代蛋白的发酵生产提供了高性能、高品质的新种质P. ks 4。

    Abstract:

    The aim of this study was to construct Chlorella mutants deficient in chlorophyll synthesis by atmospheric pressure room temperature plasma (ARTP) mutagenesis, and screen novel algal species with very low chlorophyll content which is suitable for protein production by fermentation. Firstly, the lethal rate curve of mixotrophic wild type cells was established by optimizing the mutagenesis treatment time. The mixotrophic cells in early exponential phase were treated by the condition of over 95% lethal rate, and 4 mutants with the visual change of colony color were isolated. Subsequently, the mutants were cultured in shaking flasks heterotrophically for evaluation of their protein production performance. P. ks 4 mutant showed the best performance in Basal medium containing 30 g/L glucose and 5 g/L NaNO3. The protein content and productivity reached 39.25% dry weight and 1.15 g/(L·d), with an amino acid score of 101.34. The chlorophyll a content decreased 98.78%, whereas chlorophyll b was not detected, and 0.62 mg/g of lutein content made the algal biomass appear golden yellow. This work provides a novel germplasm, the mutant P. ks 4 with high yield and high quality, for alternative protein production by microalgal fermentation.

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陈霄,王百龙,魏东.叶绿素合成缺陷型小球藻突变株的选育及其蛋白产能和品质评价[J].生物工程学报,2023,39(3):1247~1259

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  • 收稿日期:2022-08-24
  • 最后修改日期:
  • 录用日期:2022-09-26
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-03-10
  • 出版日期: 2023-03-25
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